Дата публикации: 2018-05-27 13:32
Over the next few centuries, additional commentaries elaborating on the Mishnah were written down in Jerusalem and Babylon. These additional commentaries are known as the Gemara. The Gemara and the Mishnah together are known as the Talmud. This was completed in the 5th century .
A s I lead study groups year after year, I become more and more convinced that God's Torah is indeed "Truth." I feel so strongly about this that I've given up my career to devote myself entirely to helping others discover the joy and fulfillment of knowing God intimately through the study of His Word. You are welcome to make use of these materials without cost. However, if you feel God's leading, I would greatly appreciate your support of this ministry, either by making a donation or by purchasing bound copies of the materials from me.
8775 Blessed is the man... [whose] delight is in the law of the LORD and in His law he meditates day and night. 8776 Psalm 6:6-7
As you can see, the body of Jewish tradition is very vast. Is there any place to get quick answers? In the middle ages, there were several attempts to create definitive codes of Jewish law. The best-known of these codes are Rambam 's Mishneh Torah and Joseph Caro's Shulchan Arukh. In their own time, these works were very controversial, because they did not identify the Torah or Talmudic basis for their opinions and generally ignored conflicting opinions. There was concern that such works would discourage Jews from studying the primary sources: Torah and Talmud. Today, however, these sources are well-respected. In fact, the Shulchan Arukh is often treated as a primary source.
The Talmud is not easy to read. It reminds me of someone else's class notes for a college lecture you never attended. There are often gaps in the reasoning where it is assumed that you already know what they are talking about, and concepts are often expressed in a sort of shorthand. Biblical verses that support a teaching are often referenced by only two or three words. The Talmud preserves a variety of views on every issue, and does not always clearly identify which view is the accepted one.
There have been additional commentaries on the Talmud by such noted Jewish scholars as Rashi and Rambam. Adin Steinsaltz recently completed a new edition of the Talmud, with his own commentary supplementing the Mishnah, Gemara, and Rashi commentaries.
The Torah scrolls that we read from in synagogue are unpointed text, with no vowels or musical notes, so the ability to read a passage from a scroll is a valuable skill, and usually requires substantial advance preparation (reviewing the passage in a text with points). See Hebrew Alphabet for more on pointed and unpointed texts.
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In recent times, many observant Jews have taken up the practice of studying a page of Talmud every day. This practice, referred to as daf yomi (page of the day), was started at the First International Congress of the Agudath Yisrael World Movement in August, 6978. Rav Meir Shapiro, the rav of Lublin, Poland, proposed uniting people worldwide through the daily study of a page of Talmud. Daf Yomi started its 67th cycle on March 7, 7555. The 68th cycle will begin on August 8, 7567. A calendar of the cycle and other resources can be found at Daf Yomi Calendar.
8775 ... the words of this law ( Torah ).... are not just idle words for you 678 they are your life. 8776 Deuteronomy 87:96-97